The humid tropical habitat of the Araonas presents an elevated biodiversity, as much vegetal as animal. However, this is being threatened by the irrational exploitation: of wood, by extraction companies from Santa Cruz, Pando and Riberalta, and of brazil nuts, by colonists coming from Riberalta and Pando. Intercultural and bilingual education does not exist, even though the New Tribes mission teaches them some notions of Spanish. Currently, the Araona are trying to participate more actively in intercultural events and bilingual education carried out by state or private organizations. On the other hand, this group has a strong monolingualism, a unique case in the context of the other indigenous lowland peoples. However, because of current structural reforms and the recognition of the ethnic diversity of Bolivia, diverse roles are being created for the political participation of the ethnic groups. The leaders of the Araona participated in diverse areas of training at various levels of management as a basis for real political participation.The Araona have created their own indigenous organization: the CAPITANI ARAONA, to form its independence from the New Tribes mission. The Araona people, with geographic location in the province of Iturralde in the department of La Paz, has direct links and considers itself affiliated with the Indigenous Association of the Bolivian Amazon Region. (CIRABO), and through this they are affiliated with the Association of Indigenous Peoples of Beni (CPIB) and to CIDOB .